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Gambling with the Future: The Evolution of Aboriginal Gaming in Canada

Price: $ 31.00 Back

Yale Belanger

232 pages, index, bibliography, paper, 6 x 9, fall 2006
ISBN 978-1-895830-286




Abbreviations Used in the Text
Map: Canadian Aboriginal Casinos
Casino The Pas

Introduction: A Search for Clarity
Gaming and Economic Development
Gaming and Social Pathologies
Bringing Clarity

1: The Historical Perspective
Gaming as Universal Norm
Historic Gaming Practices in Canada
Gaming as Vice
Canadian Policy

2: The Evolution of Canadian Gaming Legislation
Post-Confederation Gaming Legislation
The Move Toward Lotteries
Federal Gaming Legislation: 1969-1985
The Provinces Start Gambling: 1967-present 52 Conclusion

3: The Social, Political, and Economic Context
The Shift from Wards to Self-Governing Nations
Indians and Economic Development: A Brief Overview
First Nations Statistical Profile: 1980-1990
Aboriginal Self-Government and the Need for Economic Development

4: American Indian Gaming: A Brief Overview
The First Days of Indian Gaming
The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA)
Gaming and Nation Building: The Mashantucket Pequot

5: Ontario: The Legal Ramifications
The Genesis of First Nations Gaming in Ontario
The Evolution of First Nations Gaming in Ontario
The Shawanaga/Eagle Lake Appeals
The Métis Sue the Ontario Government
Mnjikaning First Nation Sues the Ontario Government

6: Saskatchewan and Manitoba: Early Days
The FSIN Tackles Gaming
The White Bear Casino Raid
The Dutch Lerat Affair
First Nations Gaming in Manitoba
The Aseneskak Casino
The South Beach Casino

7: First Nations Gaming in Alberta
The Genesis of First Nations Gaming in Alberta
The Enoch Cree Nation Casino
The Tsuu T’ina Casino
The Stoney Nakoda Nation Casino

8: Social and Political Responses to First Nations Gaming
Race-Based Politics
Gaming Troubles at Dakota Tipi
The Proposed Saskatoon Casino

9: Recent Developments in First Nations Gaming
Gambling on Casinos: Notes from British Columbia
The Blue Heron and the Golden Eagle
Hidden in Plain Sight: The Nova Scotia First Nations Gaming Industry
The Battle Against Labour Unions
The Potential for Conflict over Internet Gaming

Conclusion: Room for Optimism

First Nations run casinos and other gambling activities have become a visible part of the Canadian landscape. Many people see such enterprises as an important tool of economic development for impoverished First Nations communities, while others view them with suspicion. Beginning with an examination of the role gambling and gaming played in pre-contact Aboriginal society, Yale Belanger traces the history of First Nations gaming institutions nationally. Early legislation designed to control gambling notwithstanding, First Nations leaders persevered and eventually capitalized on the gradual relaxation of the rules permitting lotteries, off-track betting, and the numerous forms of gambling that are legally available today.

Stimulated by events in the United States, where super bingos and tribal casinos were adopted as a way of fostering economic development, Canada's First Nations soon followed suit.

At the heart of the book is an examination of the development of First Nations gambling across Canada, the resultant political battles fought in each province to establish Indian run casinos, and the kinds of agreements that were reached with provincial authorities to legally establish First Nations gambling institutions. Factors including the importance of casino location and management arrangements – which have led some casinos to become very successful and others economically problematic – are discussed in full. Finally, the author looks at challenges First Nations gambling institutions face in the future and the question of the extent to which such institutions are an important engine for economic development of First Nations communities.

Dr. Yale D. Belanger is an assistant professor of Native American Studies at the University of Lethbridge. His doctoral work at Trent University focused on the emergence and evolution of Aboriginal political organizations in late 19th- and early 20th-century Canada.

Price: $ 31.00 Back

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